What Is Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease that affects people with low blood glucose (sugar) levels. These low levels make it difficult for the body to produce the proper amount of insulin – a hormone. The blood glucose levels are often kept at bay by insulin.

When the glucose levels increase the insulin is often released from the pancreas to keep at a normal level. People who have diabetes will not have any or enough of insulin to perform this task and this can cause hyperglycemia. This disease can be controlled and monitored – but it is something that will affect a person for the rest of their lives.

Types Of Diabetes

There are a variety of types of diabetes that people can suffer from. The most commonly known are type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 – also known as juvenile diabetes – is one of the more severe types in which the pancreas will be undergoing an attack from the body itself through the immune system. Because of this the body is no longer to make insulin at all. This requires the patient to inject insulin into their body every day sometimes twice a day in order to stay alive.

Patients with type 2 diabetes are able to produce insulin – but often in large amount for their body to use properly. Also the pancreas itself – which makes and releases the insulin may be defective and will decrease the release the production of beta cells. Another area that will be affected is the liver.

Gestational diabetes is the one type that can only affect women who are pregnant. This is caused due to the changing hormones in a woman’s body and the amount of weight that they gain. All of these changes makes it difficult for the body to produce enough insulin to control the blood glucose levels.